Registration of a foreigner in Finland and personal identity number
Basic information on people residing in Finland is recorded in the Population Information System. Such information to be registered includes e.g. name, date of birth, nationality, family relationships and address. The registered information is used for example for the purposes of elections, taxation, health care, judicial administration and statistical purposes.
A Finnish municipality of residence is registered for a foreigner who has moved to Finland if he/she intends to stay in Finland permanently and if he/she also has a residence permit for at least one year. Citizens of EU countries do not need a residence permit, but they must register their right to stay in Finland with the local police if they stay in Finland for more than 3 months. By law a foreigner must submit the same information for registration as a Finnish citizen if he/she resides in Finland for at least one year. The registration takes place in a local Register Office (which is called Maistraatti in Finnish). Citizens of the Nordic countries (Denmark, Iceland, Norway and Sweden) do not need to report at the Register Office, but if they move from another Nordic country to Finland, they must present an Inter-Nordic Migration Form. Further information on the registration is available at www.maistraatti.fi or at the local Register Offices of Oulu (Oulun Maistraatti, Isokatu 4, 90100 OULU).
On the basis of registration at the Register Office, a foreigner is given the same kind of personal identity number as a Finnish citizen has. You can get your personal identity number from the local Register Office in about one week from your registration. The personal identification number is used for identification purposes, for example in banks, hospitals and the registers of different authorities. A foreigner residing in Finland for a short time only may also obtain a personal identity number if he/she needs it, for example, for his/her work. However, no municipality of residence is registered for him/her in Finland and therefore he does not necessarily have the same rights as persons who reside in Finland permanently.