Oulun ammattikorkeakoulu
ePooki 49/2019

Motivation as a Tool for Dental Hygiene

Metatiedot

Nimeke: Motivation as a Tool for Dental Hygiene. In A-L. Jussila & M. Oinonen (eds.) Oral Health Promotion

Tekijä: Heiskanen Jake; Palo Johanna; Outila Iida; Vuorma Mari; Jussila Aino-Liisa

Aihe, asiasanat: hampaidenhoito, motivaatio, dental hygiene, motivation

Tiivistelmä: Motivation is defined as individual’s interest on certain functions and how the one is capable in monitoring own actions. Motivation is needed in teaching patients in dental hygiene. Dental hygienists’ guidance sessions often take place in the dental clinic face-to-face with patient. That is why keeping up the patient’s listening motivation is of great importance, so that the discussed talking points can be adopted by the patient.

Keeping up the patient’s listening motivation in dental guidance session, can be achieved by the instructor’s own excitement on the subject. By that way the participants are sent out a signal, that these are just the things we want to tell the patients and they really matter for them. Listening is an active process and the participants need motivation, so that they can listen to it. It is important to open the contents of the talk with various examples, stories and exercises. Also being too excited can cause a contrary effect in the listeners.

Julkaisija: Oulun ammattikorkeakoulu, Oamk

Aikamääre: Julkaistu 2019-06-28

Pysyvä osoite: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2019061019825

Kieli: englanti

Suhde: http://urn.fi/URN:ISSN:1798-2022, ePooki - Oulun ammattikorkeakoulun tutkimus- ja kehitystyön julkaisut

Oikeudet: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

Näin viittaat tähän julkaisuun

Heiskanen, J., Palo, J., Outila, I., Vuorma, M. & Jussila, A-L. 2019. Motivation as a Tool for Dental Hygiene. In A-L. Jussila & M. Oinonen (eds.) Oral Health Promotion. ePooki. Oulun ammattikorkeakoulun tutkimus- ja kehitystyön julkaisut 49. Hakupäivä 18.2.2020. http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe2019061019825.

Dental hygienist students of Oulu University of Applied Sciences (OUAS) are arranging an event in the International School in Oulu for the 7th graders. Aim of the event is to teach the youth important facts about dental health. Brushing teeth regularly twice a day, avoiding snacks, drinking water instead of juices and soft drinks, and having xylitol after every meal are the best ways of treating your dental health. 

Kuva: Shutterstock

PHOTO: Arina P Habich/Shutterstock.com

Introduction

Motivation is defined as individual's interest on certain functions and how the one is capable in monitoring own actions Saarniaho, R. 2018. Motivaatio ja oppiminen. Otavan Opisto. Referred 21.3.2018. http://opinnot.internetix.fi/fi/muikku2materiaalit/lukio/ps/ps4/01_motiivit_ja_motivaatio/05_1.5_motivaatio_ja_oppiminen?C:D=1819237&m:selres=1819237. We are motivating the pupils to attend to all the learning points by taking part in the quiz we are arranging. When a pupil has answered all the questions of the quiz correct, they can take part in our lottery. The prices of the lottery are related to dental health. 

Motivation is an important way to teach patients in dental hygiene. Dental hygienists' guidance sessions often take place in the dental clinic face-to-face with the patient. That is why keeping up the patient's listening motivation is of great importance, so the discussed talking points can be adopted by the patient.

The way of life of young people could be a risk for their oral health. It has been stated that especially inadequate oral health habits, unhealthy diet (for example eating sweets and drinking soft drinks) and substance abuse are risk factors to oral health and it brings challenges to health promotion. Kasila, K. 2012. Tuloksia lasten ja nuorten suunterveyden edistämisen koulutuksellisista työpajoista. Suomen hammaslääkärilehti 7, 23–26.

The teeth eruption 

People have two sets of teeth during their life, which include a set of primary teeth and the permanent teeth. Permanent teeth begin to come in around age of six. It varies whether the first permanent teeth are the molars or the incisors. By the age of 13, most of the 28 permanent teeth will be in place. These teeth include four central incisors, four lateral incisors, eight premolars, four canines and eight molars. It is not unusual that the permanent teeth emerge in a different time, because heredity and other factors may influence. American Dental Association. 2014. Eruption Charts. Referred 22.3.2018. https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/11179-teeth-eruption-timetable ADA Division of Communications. 2006. Tooth eruption. JADA 137, 127. Referred 22.3.2018. https://www.ada.org/~/media/ADA/Publications/Files/patient_58.ashx Our target group contain 7th graders, which are 13-14 years old so they all have permanent teeth in place. It’s important that young people learn how to take care of permanent teeth from the beginning.

Oral health and oral health related habits of Finnish youths

The way of life of young people could be a risk for their oral health. It has been stated that especially inadequate oral health habits, unhealthy diet (for example eating sweets and drinking soft drinks) and substance abuse are risk factors to oral health and it brings challenges to health promotion. Kasila, K. 2012. Tuloksia lasten ja nuorten suunterveyden edistämisen koulutuksellisista työpajoista. Suomen hammaslääkärilehti 7, 23–26.

Teeth brushing habits among the Finnish youths are worrying. Less than 40 % of boys at the age from 13 to 15 and 60 % girls at the same age are brushing their teeth two times a day. Nihtilä, A. 2010. Nordic Project of Quality Indicators for Oral Health Care [Suun terveydenhuollon yhteispohjoismaiset laatuindikaattorit -hanke]. Terveyden ja hyvinvoinninlaitos (THL), raportti 32. Helsinki. Finland is ranked among the worst countries as for brushing teeth Honkala, S., Rimpelä, A., Välimaa, R., Tynjälä, J. & Honkala, E. 2009. Suomalaisnuoret ovat edelleen laiskoja hampaiden harjauksessa. Suomen Hammaslääkärilehti 16 (8), 118–22. and the worst countries in Europe when it comes to oral hygiene habits. Lukkari, E., Myöhänen, J., Anttonen, V. & Hausen, H. 2008. Salaatin syönti ja hampaiden harjaus eivät aina kiinnostaa nuoria. Suomen hammaslääkärilehti 15, 22– 26.

According to a research published in 2017, 2 % of 12-year-old girls and 6 % of 12-year-old boys had tried using tobacco. These experiments have reduced during the research period (1997–2017). When observing the whole research period, distinction between sexes have now become equalized. However, there are still more tobacco using among boys than girls at the age of 12.

Smoking reduces significally people's oral health. Smoking combined to bad oral hygiene can lead to serious periodontal diseases in early age. It is possible to influence on young people's smoking habits by guiding them. Kentala J. 2007. Smoking prevention in oral health care. Brief intervention among adolescents. Väitöskirja. Acta Electronica Universitatis Tamperensis 616. Tampereen yliopistopaino – Juvenes Print, Tampere.

According to Kaikkonen et al. Kaikkonen, R., Mäki, P., Hakulinen-Viitanen, T., Markkula, J., Wikström, K., Ovaskainen, M-L., Virtanen, S. & Laatikainen, T. (toim.) 2012. Lasten ja lapsiperheiden terveys- ja hyvinvointierot. Raportti 16. Terveyden ja hyvinvoinninlaitos. Hakupäivä 12.6.2019. http://www.julkari.fi/bitstream/handle/10024/80049/b79b33f7-e767-4a74-ab5d40e9b60a1fe8.pdf?sequence=1 caries among children increases with the years in Finland. Even though most of the 3-year-old children has intact teeth, tooth decay was more common among 5-year-old children. Caries increases in every age groups so that children aged from 11 to 14 had already 2 or 3 fillings on average.

Motivation as a tool for dental hygiene 

It was thought for many years that successful motivation in oral health should be based on the knowledge of epidemiology of caries and periodontal diseases and the methods of prevention. Simple, world-wide accepted methods of prevention are not used by the majority although they provide a pronounced reduction of caries and gingivitis. Not enough information is spread regarding sugarless sweets, or prevention by fluoride. Unsuccessful motivation probably also lies in the inadequate assignment of the roles of the patient, his dentist and the social security. Saxer, U.P. & Mühlemann, H.R. 1975. Schweizerische Monatsschrift fur Zahnheilkunde = Revue Mensuelle Suisse D'odonto-stomatologie. SSO Schweiz Monatsschr Zahnheilkd. Referred 21.3.2018. http://europepmc.org/abstract/med/1059253

Dental hygienists' guidance sessions often take place in the dental clinic face-to-face with the patient. That is why keeping up the patient's listening motivation is of great importance, so the discussed talking points can be adopted by the patient.

Keeping up the patient's listening motivation for example in dental guidance sessions, can be achieved by the instructor's own excitement on the subject. That way the participants are sent out a signal, that these are just the things we want to tell the patient and they really matter for them. Listening is an active process and the participants need motivation, so they can listen to it. It is important to open the contents of the talk with various examples, stories and exercises. Although being too excited can cause a contrary effect in the listeners. Laino, J. Innostava koulutus. Verkko haltuun! Referred 21.3.2018. http://www.verkkohaltuun.fi/vinkkeja_ja_valineita/kouluttajan_abc/innostava_koulutus

References

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