Oulun ammattikorkeakoulu
ePooki 10/2016

Development possibilities in municipal energy sector in Russia

15.4.2016 ::

Metatiedot

Nimeke: Development possibilities in municipal energy sector in Russia

Tekijä: Mäkelä Veli-Matti

Aihe, asiasanat: aluelämmitys, energiantuotanto, energiatehokkuus, kaukolämmitys, laadunhallinta, ympäristön saastuminen, Venäjä

Tiivistelmä: Improvement of energy efficiency and municipal energy systems in Russia has been a goal for a number of different development projects. Most of the projects have been aimed to achieve better energy efficiency with some technical improvements. But the energy efficiency and quality of energy services has improved very little if at all. It is essential to understand the importance of the whole energy system and system level planning. Most of the energy losses and lowered efficiency as well as poor quality have been caused in system level. It is impossible to achieve the good results with increased quality of some independent equipment. This is because most of the losses and inefficiency is caused on system level planning errors and poor quality systems.

The overall efficiency in municipal energy systems is very high in Finland. District heating is an important part of the municipal or regional energy system. Almost 50 % of space heating in Finland is made by district heating. The share of combined heat and power production increased already during 1970s and 1980s when district heating in largest cities in Finland was growing very fast. Suitable amount of heat load is an essential requirement for combined heat and power production. In Finland about 75 % of district heat is produced in combined heat and power production plants for several years. Combined heat and power production also helps to decrease CO2 emissions in energy sector.

Having high quality norms and recommendations as well as high quality components does not guarantee high quality, reliability and a long lasting system. First, there is a need for a new design philosophy and for the optimisation of heat production. After that, there is a huge need for quality control systems in the Russian district heating. Particularly in the district heating network, this kind of system is needed. There will be a need for a quality management system in the norm or in other higher levels. Some parts of the quality system can be organized by the manufacturers or the district heating company’s own quality management system. In some parts, there will be a need for independent quality inspections to be made by authorized organizations to give official and
independent status.

Julkaisija: Oulun ammattikorkeakoulu, Oamk

Aikamääre: Julkaistu 2016-04-15

Pysyvä osoite: http://urn.fi/urn:isbn:978-951-597-115-9

Kieli: englanti

Sivumäärä: 86

Laajuus: 5,66 MB

ISBN: 978-951-597-114-2 (nid.), 978-951-597-115-9 (PDF)

Suhde: http://urn.fi/URN:ISSN:1798-2022, ePooki - Oulun ammattikorkeakoulun tutkimus- ja kehitystyön julkaisut

Oikeudet: Julkaisu on tekijänoikeussäännösten alainen. Teosta voi lukea ja tulostaa henkilökohtaista käyttöä varten. Käyttö kaupallisiin tarkoituksiin on kielletty.

Näin viittaat tähän julkaisuun

Mäkelä, V-M. 2016. Development possibilities in municipal energy sector in Russia. ePooki. Oulun ammattikorkeakoulun tutkimus- ja kehitystyön julkaisut 10. Hakupäivä 20.7.2019. http://urn.fi/urn:isbn:978-951-597-115-9.

It is important to analyse and optimise the whole energy system of municipality level or regional level or maybe on national level to achieve maximum energy efficiency and minimum environmental pollution and stress. District heating is only a part of the energy system and it is impossible to achieve remarkable results by developing or optimising district heating independently. Main savings and improvements can be achieved in overall system level optimisation of electricity and heat production and delivering system. Improvement of energy efficiency and municipal energy systems in Russia has been a goal for a number of different development projects.

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